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Nagyböjt 5. vasárnapja “C” év (2019)


Hát te mit mondasz?

Meglepő döntés

Jézus kiment az Olajfák hegyére. Kora reggel újra megjelent a templomban. A nép köréje sereglett, ő pedig leült, és tanította őket. Az írástudók és a farizeusok egy házasságtörésen ért asszonyt vittek eléje. Odaállították középre, és így szóltak hozzá: Mester, ezt az asszonyt házasságtörésen érték. Mózes azt parancsolta törvényben, hogy az ilyet meg kell kövezni. Hát te mit mondasz? Ezt azért kérdezték, hogy próbára tegyék, és vádolhassák. Jézus lehajolt, és ujjával írni kezdett a földön. Ők azonban tovább faggatták. Erre fölegyenesedett, és azt mondta nekik: Az vesse rá az első követ, aki közületek bűn nélkül van! Aztán újra lehajolt, s tovább írt a földön. Azok meg ennek hallatára egymás után eloldalogtak, kezdve a véneken, s csak Jézus maradt ott a középen álló asszonnyal. Jézus fölegyenesedett, és megszólította: Asszony, hol vannak, akik vádoltak téged? Senki sem ítélt el? Senki, Uram – felelte az asszony. Erre Jézus azt mondta neki: Én sem ítéllek el. Menj, de többé ne vétkezzél! Jn 8,1-11



Mottó: Hát te mit mondasz? – mit is mondhatott bárki, amikor a Törvény, amely a közösség életét évszázadok óta irányította, egyértelműen rendelkezett. Mi mást parancsolhatott Jézus, mint amit Mózes parancsolt? A kérdezők persze arra spekuláltak, hogy Jézus, aki új törvényt hirdetett, a szeretet parancsát, itt ellen kellett, hogy mondjon. Vagy magának, vagy a törvénynek. Ma ügyvédekre bízzák az ilyen eseteket, nekik kell találniuk kiskaput, valamilyen kibúvót, és ha nincs ilyen, enyhítést kérnek, mondjuk, a vádlott nehéz gyerekkorára hivatkozva. A vádlottnak azonban ezúttal szokatlan „ügyvédje” volt. Ismerte ő jól a törvényt, de nem arra hivatkozott, nem azt idézte. Ismerte ő jól az emberi lelket is, és erre hivatkozott. A megoldás egyszerűen zseniális. „Cselekedjetek Mózes törvénye szerint.” – de ezt nem kellett kimondani, hanem impliciten rejlett a válaszban. A végrehajtási parancs azonban megbénította a bíráskodókat, cselekvésképtelenné tette őket. Bűntelennek kellett lennie a végrehajtóknak. S nem csak, hogy nem is volt ilyen egy se közöttük, de ezt annál hamarabb értették meg, minél több volt az élettapasztalatuk. „Eloldalogtak” hát és átkozták a kérdés feltevőjét, hogy ilyen nehéz helyzetbe hozta őket. Jézus pedig most fordult csak az asszony felé, aki végig középen állt. Mehetett bírái után, de immár felemelt fővel. És egy utasítással: „Többé ne vétkezzél!” Bizony, ez nekünk is szól.



Angol fordítás:


4th Sunday of Lent “C” year (2019)


Fourth Sunday of Lent                                                                                     


Tax collectors and sinners were all drawing near to listen to Jesus, but the Pharisees and scribes began to complain, saying, “This man welcomes sinners and eats with them.” So to them Jesus addressed this parable: “A man had two sons, and the younger son said to his father, ‘Father give me the share of your estate that should come to me.’ So the father divided the property between them. After a few days, the younger son collected all his belongings and set off to a distant country where he squandered his inheritance on a life of dissipation. When he had freely spent everything, a severe famine struck that country, and he found himself in dire need. So he hired himself out to one of the local citizens who sent him to his farm to tend the swine. And he longed to eat his fill of the pods on which the swine fed, but nobody gave him any. Coming to his senses he thought, ‘How many of my ather’s hired workers have more than enough food to eat, but here am I, dying from hunger. I shall get up and go to my father and I shall say to him, “Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. I no longer deserve to be called your son; treat me as you would treat one of your hired workers.” So he got up and went back to his father. While he was still a long way off, his father caught sight of him, and was filled with compassion. He ran to his son, embraced him and kissed him. His son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you; I no longer deserve to be called your son.’ But his father ordered his servants, ‘Quickly bring the finest robe and put it on him; put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet. Take the fattened calf and slaughter it. Then let us celebrate with a feast, because this son of mine was dead, and has come to life again; he was lost, and has been found.’ Then the celebration began. Now the older son had been out in the field and, on his way back, as he neared the house, he heard the sound of music and dancing. He called one of the servants and asked what this might mean. The servant said to him, ‘Your brother has returned and your father has slaughtered the fattened calf because he has him back safe and sound.’ He became angry, and when he refused to enter the house, his father came out and pleaded with him. He said to his father in reply, ‘Look, all these years I served you and not once did I disobey your orders; yet you never gave me even a young goat to feast on with my friends. But when your son returns who swallowed up your property with prostitutes, for him you slaughter the fattened calf.’
He said to him, ‘My son, you are here with me always; everything I have is yours. But now we must celebrate and rejoice, because your brother was dead and has come to life again; he was lost and has been found. Lk 15:1-3, 11-32

The prodigal Father

 “He ran to his son.” – How comforting it is, that the gospel is reassuring us with the best-known story of St. Luke at the pinnacle of Lent. Last week we were grateful, that the fig tree got a year allowance. And now the father runs towards the prodigal son, which I am, the sinful person. How sad is the fate of those who cannot recognize the Father who is never failing to forgive, because they never experienced the love of a father? However, those who have experienced the love of the Father through their own father are often enough confronted with the disapproving conduct of the jealous sibling. Even worse than that is to find ourselves acting like the older brother who is satisfied with himself but dissatisfied with the Father. Training has to begin at the tender age of childhood, when we show envious behavior towards the smaller one: ‘Why is he/she being stroked more often than I am?’ The responsibility of parents and teachers is huge: How sensitive are they with regard to seemingly insignificant tensions amongst children? My mother would habitually split fruits into two halves with great precision, one piece for me and one piece for my little brother. Even today I bless her for this sign of impartiality. We children used to oversee this procedure with watchful eyes. Today I can see that this engraved awareness, namely, that the love of the Father is undivided and just. Even despite the fact that sometimes we do not experience it this way, as I happened in the Gospel story.

2nd Sunday of Lent “C” year (2019)


2nd Sunday of Lent

It is good to be here

Jesus took Peter, John, and James and went up the mountain to pray. While he was praying his face changed in appearance and his clothing became dazzling white. And behold, two men were conversing with him, Moses and Elijah, who appeared in glory and spoke of his exodus that he was going to accomplish in Jerusalem. Peter and his companions had been overcome by sleep, but becoming fully awake, they saw his glory and the two men standing with him. As they were about to part from him, Peter said to Jesus, “Master, it is good that we are here; let us make three tents, one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.” But he did not know what he was saying. While he was still speaking, a cloud came and cast a shadow over them, and they became frightened when they entered the cloud. Then from the cloud came a voice that said, “This is my chosen Son; listen to him.” After the voice had spoken, Jesus was found alone. They fell silent and did not at that time tell anyone what they had seen. LK 9:28B-36



Motto: “Master, it is good that we are here.” – Last weekend, on the first Sunday of Lent, we were eye and ear witnesses to the temptation of Christ, our Lord. We beheld and heard Satan’s attempt to entice Jesus by quoting from the Holy Scriptures. Lent is a time of temptation and, lo and behold, this temptation came in the form of heavenly glory and splendor. His disciples were not ready for it, but this is precisely why Jesus takes them up the mountain for his rendezvous with the Father. He strengthens them for the suffering that lies ahead by revealing to them his glory. However, Peter succumbs to temptation and for this would like to be eternally consoled. According to Jesus’ plan, the Transfiguration is the preparation for unavoidable suffering, exactly what Peter would like to avoid. Those who take part in spiritual exercises and mystics as well give testimony to similar events and experiences. When we prepare for the glory of the Resurrection we have to hammer this into our mind. The true consolation is in the words of the Father: “This is my chosen Son; listen to him.”

3d Sunday of Lent “C” year (2019)


3d SUNDAY OF LENT (2019)

Some people told Jesus about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mingled with the blood of their sacrifices. Jesus said to them in reply, “Do you think that because these Galileans suffered in this way they were greater sinners than all other Galileans? By no means! But I tell you, if you do not repent,
you will all perish as they did! Or those eighteen people who were killed when the tower at Siloam fell on them— do you think they were more guilty than everyone else who lived in Jerusalem? By no means!
But I tell you, if you do not repent, you will all perish as they did!”

And he told them this parable: “There once was a person who had a fig tree planted in his orchard, and when he came in search of fruit on it but found none, he said to the gardener, ‘For three years now I have come in search of fruit on this fig tree but have found none. So cut it down. Why should it exhaust the soil?’ He said to him in reply, ‘Sir, leave it for this year also, and I shall cultivate the ground around it and fertilize it; it may bear fruit in the future. If not you can cut it down.'” Lk 13:1-9

3 years guarantee

Motto: “For three years now I have come.” –  Would it be a coincidence that Jesus was looking back on his three years of teaching efforts when he indicated in his parable that the time for patience was over and the time to harvest the fruits of his work has come? Could the fig tree stand for the Jewish community of his time while Peter (or the assembly of apostles) refers to the gardener? All of this is understandable, and we can even relate to it.  Jesus was also impatient at times. He was annoyed with his disciples and above all with the crowd because of their lack of receptiveness to his powerful images. The old way of thinking seemed to persist that looked to find the reason for any disaster in the sinfulness of men. That thinking divided people into two categories: we, the chosen ones destined for salvation and the others destined for damnation. Actually, this thinking is still alive today. Yet the consolation is even greater, namely that even on the day of judgement Jesus is willing to give extra time. This he entrusts to his disciples. The excuse for the barren tree is basically irrational: “It may bring fruit next year.” This, of course, only delays the end. Unless we benefit from the grace of postponement, the cutting down will only be delayed until the following year.

24th of March 2019

1st Sunday of Lent (2019)


First Sunday of Lent – 2019

The Oath on the Bible

Filled with the Holy Spirit, Jesus returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the desert for forty days, to be tempted by the devil. He ate nothing during those days, and when they were over he was hungry. The devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread.”
Jesus answered him, “It is written, One does not live on bread alone.” Then he took him up and showed him all the kingdoms of the world in a single instant. The devil said to him, “I shall give to you all this power and glory; for it has been handed over to me, and I may give it to whomever I wish. All this will be yours, if you worship me.” Jesus said to him in reply, “It is written: You shall worship the Lord, your God, and him alone shall you serve.” Then he led him to Jerusalem, made him stand on the parapet of the temple, and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from here, for it is written:
He will command his angels concerning you, to guard you, and: With their hands they will support you, lest you dash your foot against a stone.” Jesus said to him in reply, “It also says, You shall not put the Lord, your God, to the test.” When the devil had finished every temptation, he departed from him for a time.    Lk 4:1-13



Would you trust it?

It is written – These days a reference to a great authority is not necessarily accepted as an argument. People like to convince themselves whether or not a statement is true. Of course they are undertaking an impossible task as it slowly dawns on everybody, that there is unlimited information which is not accessible even with the help of our super computers. A computer can collect and analyses data in an unspeakable rate. But the big data does not save us from the responsibility of weighing and making a final decision. Earlier, and therefore also at the time of Jesus, the matter seemed simple. Open the Holy Book at the proper page and you will get the answer. You do not know where to open it? You could even leave that to chance. In this case the blind trust in the book is like faith in one’s luck. But this does not occur to those who act like this. Of course Jesus does not choose those quotes randomly, that he uses to disarm the assaults of Satan. He knows the scriptures very intimately. But in addition to that he has a reliable guide: the Holy Spirit. He goes into the desert filled with the Holy Spirit and the Holy Spirit is with him in the confrontation with Satan as well. Satan is docil and equally quotes from the scriptures. Of course it is not the Holy Spirit that inspires him but the spirit of contradiction. May the Holy Spirit protect us from using the scriptures for our own selfish purposes!


8th Sunday in Ordinary Time



Eighth Sunday in Ordinary Time

Jesus told his disciples a parable, “Can a blind person guide a blind person? Will not both fall into a pit?
No disciple is superior to the teacher; but when fully trained, every disciple will be like his teacher. Why do you notice the splinter in your brother’s eye, but do not perceive the wooden beam in your own?
How can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me remove that splinter in your eye,’ when you do not even notice the wooden beam in your own eye? You hypocrite!  Remove the wooden beam from your eye first;
then you will see clearly to remove the splinter in your brother’s eye.

“A good tree does not bear rotten fruit, nor does a rotten tree bear good fruit. For every tree is known by its own fruit. For people do not pick figs from thornbushes, nor do they gather grapes from brambles. A good person out of the store of goodness in his heart produces good, but an evil person out of a store of evil produces evil; for from the fullness of the heart the mouth speaks.” LK 6:39-45



Motto: “When fully trained”. Would you like to be fully trained? Would you like to be perfect? The first condition to get there is to realize your imperfection. Unfortunately we tend to think that we are perfect, maybe even the small group that we belong to. Everybody else is really pathetic… Therefore, a lack of self-knowledge becomes the first obstacle. The more we are contended with ourselves and the more we are selfish the greater is the discrepancy between reality and our misleading self-image. Of course we can also go to the other extreme. There are people who are lacking the least bit of self-confidence. They consider themselves losers and eventually turn into one. They are unable to celebrate somebody else’s success, because that would shed a bad light on them. What could be the solution?  If we have friends who are willing to be honest with us, we might be able to turn the right way. Of course it would be nice if we could look up to somebody, even more so if it is justified to consider that person a good example. The third condition is to simply look for the good in the other person, so that we can imitate it.  Let’s not look for the proverbial splinter, let us not submit to fraudulent public speech, to rumors and gossip, but rather follow our own good experience. I say good. And if we are uncertain in our judgement we can put the matter to the test: Is this good for me and others? Is the atmosphere more peaceful, if a particular person is present? Are you filled with joy? If yes, then you are in a good company.


6th Sunday in Ordinary Time



Woe to you when all speak well of you.”

Jesus came down with the twelve and stood on a stretch of level ground with a great crowd of his disciples and a large number of the people from all Judea and Jerusalem and the coastal region of Tyre and Sidon.
And raising his eyes toward his disciples he said: “Blessed are you who are poor, for the kingdom of God is yours. Blessed are you who are now hungry, for you will be satisfied. Blessed are you who are now weeping, for you will laugh. Blessed are you when people hate you, and when they exclude and insult you, and denounce your name as evil on account of the Son of Man. Rejoice and leap for joy on that day! Behold, your reward will be great in heaven. For their ancestors treated the prophets in the same way.
But woe to you who are rich, for you have received your consolation. Woe to you who are filled now, for you will be hungry. Woe to you who laugh now, for you will grieve and weep. Woe to you when all speak well of you, for their ancestors treated the false prophets in this way.” LK 6:17, 20-26




Motto: Woe to you when all speak well of you.” – Jesus trains his disciples unchangingly in this matter. He comforts them in desolation, and he pours strength into the doubting, as we have seen the last two weeks. And behold, he takes the disciples to the top of the inverted world.  Who amongst Jesus’ contemporaries or for that matter amongst today’s people would consider it a success or even more the essence of happiness, if they were hated, excluded or spoken ill of? As long as a Sunday sermon lasts, we might accept this idea, but in our everyday lives we sulk, moreover, we are deadly offended if somebody criticizes us. Otherwise, we are proud of our diplomas and awards, right? And how many recite a Tedeum when they are being offended like St. Elisabeth of Hungary, when they drove her out of the castle with her children once she was a widow? In contrast to that, we are willing to accept praise even from those who we do not feel close to.  However, a reprimand does not become enjoyable just because it comes from somebody whose opinion, we generally value a lot.

Therefore, let us pray through every line of the eight beatitudes. Let us look for occasions in our lives and be thankful for them.  And let us refrain from looking for a ninth beatitude….

6th  Sunday in Ordinary Time “C” year (2019)